The Story of Maa Katyayani: The Slayer of Mahishasura

Maa Katyayani

Maa Katyayani, the sixth avatar of Goddess Durga, is one of the most revered and feared deities in Hindu mythology. Known for her fierce and powerful nature, she is believed to be the destroyer of evil and the protector of her devotees.

In this article, we will look into the story of Maa Katyayani, her significance, how to seek her blessings, her puja ritual, her mantra, and some of her images.

Mata Katyayani

The Story of Maa Katyayani

Katyayani Mata is a warrior form of Mahadevi or Adi Shakti, who was created by the combined energies of the gods to defeat the demon king Mahishasura.

According to the Vamana Purana, the gods were angry with Mahishasura’s misdeeds and sought the help of Lord Vishnu. At his command, Shiva, Brahma, and the other gods emitted flames from their eyes and countenances, which crystallized in the hermitage of Kātyāyana Rishi.

The rishi then gave it proper form, and Katyayani emerged as a refulgent goddess with three eyes and eighteen arms, holding various weapons given to her by the gods.

Katyayani Mata proceeded to the Mysore hills, where she was described by the asuras as a beautiful goddess. Mahishasura, the king of the asuras, was captivated by her beauty and asked for her hand in marriage. However, Maa Katyayani told him that she could only be won in fight, and thus began the battle between the goddess and the demon king.

After a fierce fight, Maa Katyayani dismounted from her lion and sprang upon the back of Mahishasura, who was in the form of a bull. With her tender feet, she smote him on the head, and he fell to the ground. She then cut off his head with her sword and became known as Mahishasuramardini, the slayer of the buffalo demon.

Katyayani Devi

The Significance of Maa Katyayani

Maa Katyayani is considered to be the embodiment of power, courage, and determination. She is worshipped as the destroyer of evil and the protector of her devotees. Her fierce and powerful nature is believed to help her devotees overcome obstacles and challenges in life.

She is also associated with love and marriage, and unmarried girls often fast on the sixth day of Navaratri to seek her blessings for a perfect husband

Mata Katyayani

How to Seek Katyayani Devi Blessings

To seek the blessings of Maa Katyayani, devotees can perform the following puja ritual:

  • Start your day early by taking a bath and wearing new clothes.
  • Clean the chowki and offer fresh flowers to Maa Katyayani.
  • Offer lotus flowers to the devi and honey as bhog to seek her blessing.
  • Chant the Katyayani Mata Mantra 108 times.
  • Offer panchamrit, which includes honey, to the devil.

The Katyayani Mata Mantra

The Katyayani Mata Mantra is a powerful mantra that is dedicated to Maa Katyayani. It is believed to help devotees find their perfect partner and overcome obstacles in life. The mantra is as follows “ॐ देवी कात्यायन्यै नम:” Om Devī Katyāyanyai Namaḥ

Katyayani Devi Image

What is the difference between Katyayani and Durga?

The difference between Katyayani and Durga lies in their specific attributes and symbolism. Both are forms of the Hindu goddess, but they are distinct in certain aspects.


Katyayani is one of the forms of Goddess Durga and is known for her fierce appearance and warrior-like attributes. She is depicted with ten arms, each holding different weapons like a sword, shield, lotus, and more. Katyayani is often associated with courage, strength, and victory over evil forces.


Durga, on the other hand, is a broader concept representing the divine feminine power in Hinduism. She is also depicted with multiple arms, typically eight or ten, symbolizing her ability to protect and nurture. Durga is a symbol of strength, righteousness, and compassion.

In terms of appearance, both Katyayani and Durga are often portrayed with multiple arms, each carrying various weapons and symbols. Their depictions may vary slightly based on artistic interpretations, but the core symbolism of power, protection, and divine grace remains consistent across both forms.

Shubh Navratri - Katyayani Devi


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